Posted on Monday, August 8th, 2016 at 5:22 pm    

If you have been injured in an accident, you are probably experiencing many emotions. You may not know where to turn to get help as you struggle to recover from your injuries while providing for your needs and for your family’s needs. Our Sacramento personal injury attorneys understand your fears, frustration, and confusion. We can help! Call our office now for a free case evaluation.

Legal Terms Used in a Personal Injury Case

As you go through the process of filing a personal injury claim, you are likely to encounter many terms. Below are some of the most common legal terms used in a personal injury case.

Negligence (Fault)

Negligence is used to describe the actions or the failure to act by a person or entity that causes harm to another person. People and entities have a legal duty to act in a responsible manner when dealing with others. If a person or entity causes someone to suffer harm or injury because of specific acts or the failure to act, the injured victim may be entitled to recover damages in a personal injury case.


When you are injured, you suffer physical, emotional, and financial damages. Because the law cannot undo the damage that you have suffered, it requires the responsible party to compensate you with a monetary award for your losses and injuries.


A complaint is the document filed to begin a personal injury lawsuit. It contains the allegations against the other party and a demand for compensation.


The plaintiff is the person who files the lawsuit (i.e. the injured victim).


The defendant is the person or entity being sued. You can have more than one defendant in a personal injury lawsuit. Your attorney should conduct a thorough accident investigation to identify and name all defendants responsible for your injury.


In order to receive compensation for your injuries, you must provide evidence that proves the other party caused an accident or situation that caused you to be injured. Examples of evidence used in personal injury cases include documents, photographs, medical records, eyewitness testimony, expert witness testimony, and payroll records.


After you file a personal injury lawsuit, each party has the opportunity to gather additional evidence. Discovery is the legal process of investigating and gathering evidence to substantiate your allegations against the other party. Examples of discovery include interrogatories, request to produce, and depositions.


Interrogatories are lists of questions submitted to the other party. The other party is required to answer each question under oath.

Request to Produce

Similar to interrogatories, a request to produce is a list of documents a party is requesting from the other side. You must respond to a request to produce under oath.

Request to Admit

A request to admit is a list of allegations posed to the other party. The other party must admit or deny each allegation under oath.


A judgment is the decision by a jury or a judge; however, most personal injury cases settle without the necessity of filing a lawsuit. However, even if a personal injury lawsuit is filed, we can still settle the case at any time before a judgment is rendered by a judge or jury.

Hire an Experienced Sacramento Personal Injury Attorney

There are likely to be many more terms you may encounter that are unfamiliar to you when filing a personal injury claim. Because of that reason, you need an attorney who will explain the process in terms you can understand. It is important that your attorney keep you updated during each step of the process.

Our attorneys understand your personal injury case may be one of the most traumatic life events you have experienced; therefore, we take your case seriously. Furthermore, our attorneys take the time necessary to help you understand the personal injury claim process to reduce your stress as much as possible.

Contact the Tiemann Law Firm by calling (916) 999-9000 or chat with a representative on our website to schedule a free consultation with a Sacramento personal injury lawyer.

Client Testimonials

Elizabeth Ochoa Testimonial

I chose Tiemann Law Firm to help me after a car accident I was involved in. Throughout the entire process, Moe made sure to keep me updated, he always responded quickly whenever  I had questions about anything. My case won thanks to this law firm and its dedication. My experience with Tiemann Law Firm was amazing! 10/10 recommended.

Dawniel Ewing Testimonial

I have nothing but great things to say about this firm. They have been extremely helpful and professional when dealing with my case. Anytime I needed anything or wanted to be updated they responded immediately. They made me feel like they cared. Highly recommend them!

Michael T. Testimonial

I sat down and met with Jelena Tiemann about my vehicle accident.I presented all of my documentation to her in which she gave me her assessment.Although the Tiemann Law Firm wont be representing me because my settlement offer was pretty good she was very clear,forward and professional about what she felt could and couldn't be done.I recommend this law firm to anyone who needs a helping hand at fighting a case where you don't have to worry about the outcome not going in your favor. Please don't review this business if you received a freebie for writing this review, or if you're connected in any way to the owner or employees.

Herb T. Testimonial

The Tiemanns were referred to me by a friend and I am exceptionally happy with the service I received. I had never been in an accident before. I had no idea what to do. Jelena verbally explained how everything would work to me, and she and Peter handled everything. I didn't have to lift a finger once. They went above and beyond for me and I am extremely grateful. I pray I won't ever need this type of assistance again, but I will definitely be referring them to friends and family.

Jennifer T. Testimonial

I highly recommend The Tiemann Law Firm! I had never before been in a situation where I sustained injury and had to seek legal representation. I was nervous, traumatized, and had no idea what to expect. Jelena, Peter, and their staff walked me through each step of the process. They explained everything in detail. They patiently answered all my questions, responded quickly to every email, text message, phone call, etc. I felt totally prepared for each new phase of the legal process. Furthermore, they were fearless in their defense of me. In certain situations, when I felt attacked or scared my attorney protected me like I was family. Their diligence, honesty, integrity, and compassion provided a true sense of healing and closure for my family and I. The Tiemann Law Firm accomplished more for me than I ever thought possible and I am forever grateful.

Hanna Padilla Testimonial

From the very start of my case the Tiemann Law Firm was wonderful. Perter came all the way to my home to sit down and talk to me about my options. He made me and my partner feel very comfortable and promised us he would take the very best care of my case. Peter kept me informed every step of the way and was always on top of things. everything was done in a timely manor and I always felt like I was the only case he was working on because he was so fast. In the end Peter got me back way more money than I ever expected. I would recommend this law firm to everyone. I am very happy with the outcome of my case thanks to the Tiemann Law Firm! Thank you!

S.B. Testimonial

Here's the thing... Nobody really thinks much about lawyers until they need one.  Well, we needed one!  The Tieman Law Firm came through for us in a big way. They were professional, courteous, thorough, and had excellent staff as well.  Highly recommended...

Star Fire Testimonial

It is hard to put into words the care and dedication that I received from the Tiemann’s. They have been here for me every step of the way and were always available when I had questions or concerns. My husband and I will be forever grateful for everything they have done for us and our family. Thank you so much for all of the hard work and time you have put into my case, we greatly appreciate it and your friendship. We highly recommend this firm and will always be thankful for everything they have done. Thank you so much again, Kim

Jereme S. Testimonial

No one wants to have to hire a lawyer, but if you do. I prefer Tiemann Law. They helped a family member who was injured on the job, and the company did not want to compensate him even though, the injury occurred on the job on company time. Jelena was always professional in explaining the lengthy process of fighting a large corporation. 2 years later he finally is receiving the deserved compensation.

Maye Ly Testimonial

I just saw my lawyer Jelena Tiemann on a t.v ad, which reminded me how much she helped when I was in a desperate situation. I just love her! That is why I feel a need to tell everyone. I had a situation that happened & didn’t know what to do, our where to go. I didn’t even know if she could help me or if any lawyer could. All I wanted was it to go away & was afraid most lawyers wanted to drag it out & possibly go to court. For one she was very professional but was very personable (maybe b.c she’s a lady). She didn’t make me feel embarrassed or self-conscious that I did something wrong or was the cause of the situation. She immediately said we should try our best before going to court. Let me handle some paperwork, if at the last we do go to court we have documents. She gave me all the details, pros and cons but reassured me she deals with these cases all the time. She came through and made it as painless as possible. I now have my life back.

Matt H. Testimonial

I was in a car accident a while back where I was injured and had to miss work for an extended period of time.  After nearly a year of fighting with the insurance company with no results and no progress, I met with Jelena Tiemann.  I couldn't have asked for a more responsive and supportive advocate.  We quickly reached a settlement and I finally was able to move from the stress and burden of feuding with my insurance.  I highly recommending meeting with Jelena if you're in need of a lawyer.

Jennifer Birdseye Testimonial

Tiemann Law Firm helped us with an injury case for my nephew. They were very knowledgeable and we are very happy with the service they provided. The entire staff is topnotch!

Lendzey Garcia

I was in a very bad/ major car accident I originally had an attorney who wasn’t trying to help me out much or take any of my calls so I called Tiemann and told them my situation. They made it an AWESOME and Smooth transition over to them and took on both cases I had. I just settled on my big case and am beyond great full. For them and their team! I highly recommend them. To add on to this a little On how much they will work with you, I moved to Montana in the middle of all Of this and it was not an issue!